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Associação de plantas e jardins em climas mediterrânico  -  Mediterranean Gardening Association - Portugal

Barrocal Botanic Garden Silves, Portugal

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Links to other

Botanic Garden websites

These are grouped together

under their geographic locations

Please Note: web sites are in English (or have this option) otherwise PT, ES, FR indicates other languages.

MGAP acknowledges that garden descriptions are mainly derived from the gardens own web site.



Botanical gardens listed by region


Portugal (Mainland)

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Jardim Botânico, (University of Lisbon)


Jardim Botânico da Ajuda (Universidade Tecnica de Lisboa) Lisbon

The garden is designed as a Baroque garden, with a strict geometric layout and decorated with monuments.


Occupying some 3.5 hectare on a hill, the garden is divided into two terraces connected with each other by a monumental Baroque staircase.


The upper level has some remarkable flora, most notably a four hundred year old dragon tree and an equally large Schotia afra.

Jardim Botânico, (University of Coimbra)


Jardim Botânico, (Vila do Conde), (Universidade de Porto), Porto

In 1949 the Portuguese government bought a family farm on the outskirts of the city to install the Botanical Garden of the University of Porto. Today the Botanical garden is in the downtown area. The original gardens were maintained and increased and agricultural land and woods were transformed into wooded park which nowadays includes the historic garden which is composed of three distinct areas separated by large hedges of camellias, lakes with aquatic plants, parkland with an important collection of gymnosperms, beeches, oaks, tulips, magnolias, etc., a garden of succulents and an area of greenhouses with tropical,subtropical, orchids and succulent plants.

The Botanical Garden of the University of Tras-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Vila Real

30 ha of agricultural land utilised for Agricultural Sciences. Forests of chestnut trees, native oaks, pines, eucalyptus occupy about 10 Ha of this magnificent space.


17 thematic collections: archaic Plants, Medicinal and Aromatic, Wild Fruit Trees, Plants cover, ornamental Softwoods, calcicoles Mediterranean, Mediterranean Silicicolas, Mortórios Douro, Forest Collection, Ericaceae, Cistáceas and legumes, and Mirtáceas fagáceas.

Portugal (Madeira)

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The Jardim Botânico da Madeira

This 3.5Ha property which has fantastic views of mountains in the north and the ocean in the south, belonged to the Reid’s family, was created in 1960. One of its main purposes was the conservation of indigenous Madeiran plants, some of which are very rare and extinct in the wild. The garden reveals a mix of harmonious shapes and contrasting colours of 2500 exotic plants within five sections of local as well as foreign plants.

Quinta do Bom Successo. (Madeira Botanical Garden) Funchal


Monte Palace Tropical Garden, Funchal

This 7 Ha garden is a perfect example of the luxuriant mixture of tropical and indigenous plants and is famous for having the largest collection of cycads in the world, with every variety possible, some 60 out of 72 species, mostly from South Africa. There is about 100 000 different species of plants here with a section that is reserved for the local species from the Laurislva forest, with some nearly extinct species known as the Mocanu.

Jardim Orquidea. (Orchid Garden) Funchal

This is a nursery dedicated to creation and research of a wide variety of orchids from all over the world. In an orchid breeding laboratory, over 7500 varieties of orchids are grown and then transferred to the garden and greenhouses.

Palheiro Gardens. (Blandys Garden), Funchal

Considered by many to be the crowning glory of Madeira Gardens, it is a Mecca to Camellia lovers, with over ten thousand species of every shape, color and size. This unique garden has a diversity of trees, such as the,Oak, Beech, Chestnut, Cedar, Silver and Waratah, growing alongside Eucalyptus and Araucaria pines.

Santa Catarina Park, Funchal

A public park located between Avenida do Infante and Avenida Sá Carneiro and covers an area of around 3.5 Ha. With a fantastic view of Funchal and its marina, the park is very popular with huge lawns surrounded by flower beds, numerous trees, shrubs and plant species from all over the world.

Dona Amélia Garden (Municipal Garden), Funchal

A small garden which has some beautiful specimens from Madeira and the rest of the world, all of which are marked. Located in the centre of Funchal, this park is now a leisure area for locals and visitors alike.

Quinta Splendida Garden

The botanical garden stretches over 3 Ha and the present layout was created in 1990. It has over 1.000 plant species with 650 plants being labelled and employs a team of six gardeners. A large variety of species as well as endemic plants are naturally grown together.



Portugal (Azores)

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Jardim Botânico Faial




United Kingdom

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Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, London


The National Botanic garden of Wales, Cardiff

The first botanic garden of the new millennium in 568 acres west of Cardiff, Wales. The Great Glasshouse  is “perhaps our most significant collection of plants comprising Mediterranean flora of the South African Western Cape, South Western Australia, the Mediterranean basin itself, California and Chile.” A beautiful structure too.

Cambridge Botanical Gardens. Cambridge

The Arid Lands House, has succulents with African plants and new-world species displayed opposite to illustrate convergent evolution.

RHS Wisley Garden. Surrey

Gifted to the RHS in 1903, it has 135 acres open to the public.  Wisley is the historical home of the RHS and is undoubtedly one of the great gardens of the world, including the stunning Glasshouse (housing over 5,000 different varieties of tropical plant), Battleston Hill, the Fruit Orchard and dramatic Rock Garden. Plus the trials fields.


 The garden aims to develop growing skills in the beginner, amateur and professional gardener, and a wide variety of inspirational events for people of all ages take place throughout the year.

RHS Hyde Hall Garden. Essex

Essex is the driest county in England and Hyde Hall is one of the finest gardens in the East of England, its location among rolling hills and fantastic panoramic views can often surprise the visitor to Essex.


This 360-acre estate is constantly evolving and the Dry Garden (2001) is one of the crowning achievements, showing visitors how they can work with the environment and use drought-tolerant plants. It has more than 400 different species of plants.

Eden Project. Cornwall

The setting in an abandoned tin mine with startling Biomes is inspirational.


The Mediterranean plants have a boidome to themselves – Hurrah.



Gibraltar

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Gibraltar Botanic gardens.

The Alameda Gardens were founded in 1816 to provide recreation for the residents and for many years they served this purpose but fell into a state of disrepair, but The Gibraltar Botanic Gardens project began in June 1991 to restore the gardens and convert them into a botanic garden.




Spain - Mainland

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Jardin Botanico de Cordoba, Cordoba, Andulcia

The Gardens inaugurated in 1987 are primarily for educational and scientific use. The Systematic Collection contains exclusively indigenous Spanish species.


The Agricultural School include plants useful to man, such as aromatic and medicinal herbs, fruit trees and vegetables. The greenhouse has species endemic to the Canary Islands, the Balearic Islands and Andalusia. There is an Arboretum and a small rose garden. The “Molino de la Alegría” is a palaeobotanical museum containing some of the gardens’ 15,000 plant fossils.

Monasterio de Santa María de la Rábida, Huelva, Andulcia

No info on why it is mentioned on Andulcian visitors guide.

Real Jardín Botánico Juan Carlos I

The Juan Carlos I Royal Botanic Gardens is a Botanical Garden dedicated to research, conservation and divulgation of flora and environment and belongs to the University of Alcalá. It began in 1991 on an area of 26 hectares in the external campus of the University. The flora is represented in the following exhibition areas: World Flora, Iberian Flora, Regional Flora and Special Collections. Parallel has worked hard on bringing all spaces and collections from the beginning to optimise their didactic use. It is an experimental and educational resource for the university community.

Alcalá de Henares, Madrid - (Campus de la Universidad de Alcala)


Real Jardin Botanico, CSIC, Madrid

Nowadays, the 20 acres of the Royal Botanic Garden of Madrid are divided into three areas. The Exhibition Greenhouse reflects faithfully the essence and spirit of this institution with more than a thousand of species in three different modules: tropical, desert and warm-weather species. It was built with modern materials and uses the latest clean energy technologies.


Some of the other most important buildings in the Garden are the Villanueva Pavilion and the Graells Greenhouse.


The Garden also houses an important botanical research centre equipped with the latest technology and a herbarium with more than a million records.

Jardi Botanic de Barcelona, Parc de Montjuic

Built in the 1990's the gardens specialize in plants and communities from Mediterranean climates and is divided into areas representing Australia, Chile, California, South Africa,the western Mediterranean area and the eastern Mediterranean area. A specific section is devoted to the flora of the Canary Islands.

Barcelona

From MGFrance October 2014 tour - Morning visit to two historical gardens, El Parc de Can Mercader and El Parc de Can Vidalet, led by Xavier Argimon, a specialist in the botanical collections and history of Barcelona parks. In the afternoon, head gardener Josep Farriol will lead a tour of the Palo Alto gardens in l’Espai Creatiu, showing how new plantings can be harmoniously combined with old structures.



Spain - Islands

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The Sóller Botanic Garden, Sóller, Majorca.  

Founded in 1985 and opened to the public in 1992, it is a centre for the conservation, study and understanding of the Mediterranean flora, and specifically that of the Balearic Islands.

La Concepcion Historical-Botanical Gardens, Malaga, Majorca.

La Concepcion is a romantic-style garden recognised as a “garden of historical-artistic importance” in 1943.


Of particular note among the 2,000-plus species to be found on the estate are the trees that make up the enormous wood, where ficuses, araucarias, casuarinas, magnolias, pines, cypresses and cedars, some over 100 years old, create a remarkable arboretum.


Species from subtropical climes predominate here. The gardens’ collection of palm trees is considered one of the finest in all of Europe, comprising almost 100 species, some of which are unique exhibits, such as a 7-bough date tree and a Chilean palm which is one of the biggest of its type in Spain, as well as a number of trees rarely found in these latitudes.


There is also a large collection of aquatic plants, bamboos, cycads, zamias and encephalartos, a wide variety of traditional Malaga vines, cactus, insectivorous, orchids, bromelias, fruit trees and natural areas of Mediterranean forest.



France

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Jardin des Plantes, University Montpellier, 34090 MONTPELLIER

-Historical garden (1st created in France)


-Order beds (systematic collection)


-Glasshouses


-Arboretum


-English style garden


-Orangery (built in 1807)

Jardin Botanique de la Ville de Nice, Nice


Jardin Botanique de Bordeaux

The Jardin botanique de la Bastide (4 hectares) is a municipal botanical garden located along the right bank of the Garonne ; it is open daily without charge. This new garden is an offshoot of the older Jardin botanique de Bordeaux (½ Ha), located across the river.

Jardin botanique de la Bastide

The garden opened in 2003 and is organized into six sections, including an arboretum, fields of grain, an alley of vines, and a water garden (1,250 m²). It also contains greenhouses, as well as eleven landscapes representing the environments of Aquitaine, including dune, cliff, wet grassland, moorland, etc.



Australasia

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Australian National Botanic gardens

On the lower slopes of Black Mountain in Canberra, the garden has the world’s most comprehensive display of living Australian native plants. A place for recreation, inspiration, science and learning.


Plus what haven't they addressed for us on their web site.

Royal Botanic Gardens Melbourne

Two gardens with extensive plant collections and displays of native and tropical flora.



South Africa

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Kirstenbosch NBG, Newlands, Cape Town

The garden is world-renowned for the beauty and diversity of the Cape flora it displays and for the magnificence of its setting against the eastern slopes of Table Mountain. Kirstenbosch grows only indigenous South African plants. The estate covers 528 hectares and supports a diverse fynbos flora and natural forest. The cultivated garden (36 hectares) displays collections of South African plants, particularly those from the winter rainfall region of South Africa. A Large glass house displays mainly succulent flora from the drier parts of South Africa but also alpine plants and bulb that are in flower.



Karoo Desert NBG, Panorama, Worcester, Cape Province

The Garden lies on the outskirts of Worcester and is unique in that it is the only truly succulent garden in the southern hemisphere and on the African continent. One of the floral highlights of the year is spring, when thousands of annuals and brightly coloured vygies come into flower. Falling within the succulent karoo biome, which includes the Namaqualand flora so famous for its spring flowers, the Garden boasts some 400 naturally occurring species. The garden is also a haven for rare and endangered plants, with over 300 species being protected and propagated.

Harold Porter NBG, Betty's Bay, Cape Province

The garden is set between mountain and sea, in the heart of the Cape fynbos region and encompasses 10 hectares of cultivated fynbos garden and 190.5 hectares of pristine natural fynbos. The garden includes mountain slopes with fynbos vegetation, deep gorges with relict forests, flats and marshes with restios, sedges and bulbs, as well as dunes adjacent to the beach with their specialised salt-adapted plants. The main fynbos families (proteas, ericas and restios) are present as well as other important families such as irises, daisies and orchids. The garden boasts Disa uniflora in its natural habitat (flowering from mid-December to end of January) as well as the national flower, the king protea (Protea cynaroides).

Free State NBG, Bloemfontein

The garden spans a valley between picturesque dolerite koppies with the natural vegetation comprising tall grassland and woodland, dominated by magnificent wild olive and karee trees. The garden covers 70 hectares, and is home to about 400 species of plants, mainly from the Free State, Northern Cape and Lesotho, including a fine collection of decorative and hardy trees indigenous to the area.

Hantam NBG, Nieuwoudtville, Northern Cape

Situated just outside Nieuwoudtville, the Garden is one of the world’s very special biodiversity treasures and the first National Botanical Garden in the Northern Cape, South Africa.

Brummeria NBG, Pretoria.

The garden is home to the Head Office of SANBI successfully bridging the divide between scientific research and the recreational environment. A 50 m high quartzite outcrop divides the Garden in two sections. Its frosty south-facing section and the north-facing, warmer section present two different worlds to the visitor and botanist. Paved nature trails give access to the fascinating natural vegetation on the ridge. Fifty hectares of the total area are devoted to developed garden, using almost exclusively South African plants. The garden contains 50% of the country's tree species and offers the visitor a glimpse of different biomes such as savanna, forest, fynbos and some plants of other biomes.

Walter Sisulu NBG, Portview, Roodeport, Gauteng

This garden is set against the backdrop of the magnificent Witpoortjie waterfall and was previously called the Witwatersrand National Botanical Garden. Covering almost 300 hectares it consists of both landscaped and natural veld areas. A breeding pair of Black Eagles nest on the cliffs alongside the waterfall. The Garden is home to an abundance of wildlife including 220 bird species. Several short walks run through the Garden and the surrounding natural areas. The JCI Geological Trail gives visitors the opportunity to learn something about the fascinating geology of the area.

Lowveld NBG, Mbombela (Nelspruit), Mpumalang

The 159 ha garden is set amongst the rugged, rocky river scenery straddling the Crocodile and Nels Rivers. The Crocodile surges through a narrow, solid rock gorge and the Nels River tumbles down a waterfall from the west, to converge with the Crocodile in a serene pool on a bend in the river. This Garden lies Sour Lowveld Bushveld which is link between the escarpment and the true lowveld, thus containing many elements of both. In addition to approximately 600 plant species occurring naturally in the Garden, more than 2000 additional species have been planted. The Garden is like an enormous arboretum with large lawns. Of the approximately 1000 tree species indigenous to South Africa, over 650 can be seen in the garden including numerous species from sub-tropical southern Africa.

KwaZulu-Natal NBG, Prestbury, Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal.

The beautiful and tranquil garden specialises in the conservation of plants from the eastern region of South Africa and of rare and endangered species from elsewhere. The focus of the Garden is to collect, display and promote the conservation of plants of the eastern grasslands, in particular the genera Clivia, Gerbera, Kniphofia and Watsonia.



North America

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University of California Santa Cruz Arboretum.

Gardens of Australia, S Africa, Californian natives and New Zealand





Botanic Gardens

Botanic Gardens Conservation International

http://bgci.org/

Information thanks to:

Portugal Mainland Portugal_Madeira Portugal (Azores) United Kingdom Gibralter Spain Mainland Spain (Islands) France Australasia South Africa North America
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